Learning Styles-Carl Jung/Myers-Briggs Theory Pt. 1

Proverbs 1:8-9 ESV

Hear, my son, your father’s instruction, and forsake not your mother’s teaching, for they are a graceful garland for your head and pendants for your neck.

So back again with teaching and learning, styles and strategies; this section will focus on the theory based on Carl Jung’s model. This model is a teaching/learning style. It is important to know a student’s style of learning so you can help guide them in the direction of reaching the objective goals. Meyers-Brigg developed the application of Jung’s model. It uses our personalities to help find our learning styles. It works in a way that shows our preferences and repeated behaviors; it’s who we are as much as how we learn. Harvey Silver and Richard Strong along with other highly respected researchers work to successfully apply it to education. They focused on the process of learning; with the focus on the “how” rather than the “what” of learning styles.

As a side note: There is no right or wrong strategy; it is a matter of matching the correct one with the learner to create a climate most conducive to learning the objectives. To clarify a bit more, a strategy is a tool used to learn/teach an objective; where a style is the manner or behavior in which the objective is learned/taught. I can teach many strategies on how to solve a math problem, but my style will remain relatively the same, when speaking of the Jung theory. However, the strategies I offer accommodate the styles that my students may possess, different from my own, which allow me to facilitate my students in reaching the objective goals.

The four functions provide a framework for analyzing and categorizing teaching and learning behaviors. This categorization places a learner’s dominant behaviors in one or four distinct groupings. The groups include sensing, feeling, thinking, and intuition. Sensing and intuition are two ways of perceiving the world through the senses or intuition and thinking and feeling are ways of judging one’s perceptions.

“The sensing orientation (function) focuses on things as they appear. Sensors assume that what their senses tell them is what exists.”1It operates in the present and deals with shapes, color, texture and the arrangement of objects. Sensors use the five senses to gather information. They have a realistic outlook on life and work toward definite goals. When things are unclear or details are complicated they become frustrated.

“The intuitive orientation (function) focuses on the inner meaning and relationships of what is occurring.”1 It operates in the near and distant future and deals in seeing possibilities and interpreting what might be. Intuitors use inspiration and insight to find meaning behind facts and details. They like flexibility and freedom to explore possibilities and ideas. The trust their insights and are inspired by new opportunities.

Next blog post will cover the judgment of perceptions, thinking and feeling. Until then, try this self-assessment for perception on the spectrum on sensing/intuition from So Each May Learn Integrating Learning Styles and Multiple Intelligences by Harvey Silver, Richard Strong, and Matthew Perini. so each may learn

Take a moment to reflect on your own perception preferences. Are you more focused on the facts and details of sensing or the big picture and patterns of intuition? Are you somewhere in-between or do you fall closer to one side than the other? Sensing_________________Intuition

If you need more questions to help you figure out where you are in the perception preferences try this site

This is a great site to check out for charts between sensors and intuitors.

Sensing Intuition

 

1(Teaching Styles and Strategies by Silver, Hanson, Strong, Schwartz 1996).

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