Learning Styles-Carl Jung/Myers-Briggs Theory Pt. 7

Proverbs 9:9 ESVGive instruction to a wise man, and he will be still wiser; teach a righteous man, and he will increase in learning.

This is the last learning style in Jung’s theory of learning styles. This one will wrap up the series and then we can start looking into applying them in the classroom.

The Interpersonal style of learning is the Sensing-Feeling learners and they are the friendly ones! These students are sensitive to people’s feeling and truly want to learn about you and your life. They often take a personal approach to learning and go with what “feels right” to them. They enjoy talking to and about people and find it interesting to learn what they can about people. These are the ones who enjoy biographies and true-to-life stories.

They are the helpers in the classroom and want to be recognized for their efforts. They look for that personal relationship with their teacher as well as their fellow students. They may come to you asking if they can help but many times it is just to engage in a conversation or are just seeking a little attention.

Interpersonal students are the social. They like to work with others, share their ideas and get input from friends. They are cooperative not competitive and they need reassurance that they are doing well at the task they have been given. They will complete tasks more for praise than their own interest in it. They may also think and read out loud even when it is on their own.

They want to know the value of learning and will want to make a connection to their lives and feelings. If a lesson doesn’t connect them to real-life then they may disengage and you will find them talking to a friend.

Here is the next list I took from the book So Each May Learn. I mentioned this in the first post on this subject. I highly recommend it as it has great charts, visuals, and ways to integrate all of this into your classroom.

Sensing-Feeling or Interpersonal Learners

Prefers to learn by:

  • Studying about things that directly affect people’s lives rather than impersonal facts
  • Receiving personal attention and encouragement from his/her teachers
  • Being part of a team-collaborating with other students
  • Activities that help him/her learn about his/herself and how he/she feels about things

Learns best from:

  • Group experiences and projects
  • Loving attention
  • Personal expression and personal encounters
  • Role playing


  • Receiving personal attention and encouragement
  • Opportunities to be helpful in class
  • Personal feedback
  • Sharing personal feelings and experiences with others


  • Long periods of working alone silently
  • Emphasis on factual detail
  • Highly competitive games where someone loses
  • Detailed and demanding routines.


One thing to remember, these are NOT “one size fits all” categories. Everyone uses all four styles throughout their life, but may show more strength in one or two of them. Depending on circumstance or context you may see a learning style descriptor which is quite different from their strengths.

A good place to start using these learning styles in the classroom is to differentiate instruction, integrate curriculum, show many ways to problem solve, and provide choices in learning.

Blessings to you,



Learning Styles-Carl Jung/Myers-Briggs Theory Pt. 6

Whoever heeds instruction is on the path to life, but he who rejects reproof leads others astray. Proverbs 10:17

Today I present to you the third type of learning style. This one I can relate to most; it describes me for the most part. I fall into the Understanding style as well, but this one today has more of me than all the rest.

The Self-Expressive style of learning is the Intuitive-Feeling learners and they are curious, insightful, and imaginative. They go beyond the everyday; they “dare to dream” and are committed to their core sense of values. They continually search for new ways to express themselves and don’t necessarily follow convention.

 Self-Expressive learners ask “What would happen if…?” and though you may think they are trying to get you off subject, they truly are wondering these things. Let them express this through their art and writing. They love to explore different ideas and find new solutions to problems. They will help you think “outside the box” so to speak. If there is more than one solution to a problem, let them find it and share it. You may find that their way of thinking can help others comprehend the way to solve a problem that they may not have fully understood during the lesson.

 They like to use their imagination and do things in unique ways. These students are imaginative and have a variety of interests that highly motivate them if they enjoy what they are doing. If it is routine, they tend to move through it quickly to get it done and out-of-the-way so they can get to something they enjoying working on. Don’t be surprised if something is not fully completed by these students. Too much and they have lost interest and moved on to something else before the task is complete. That isn’t a problem if given the opportunity to take a break and then get back to the task-at-hand. If they are caught up in a project that engages them, time will be forgotten and they can spend a great deal of time on it. These students don’t care for schedules when it comes to something they enjoy. Think about your avid readers who get lost in the book and sneak a peek when they should be focusing their attention elsewhere.

 Some of these students seem to live by “the beat of their own drum”, know any of them? They don’t conform to the conventions of everyone else and they enjoy their uniqueness, they are not afraid to be different to some degree. They are sensitive to the beauty and symmetry around them and may comment on the aesthetics of things around them. Ever have a student comment about your shoes or certain décor in the classroom? They take notice of these things and have an interest in them.

 They may seem scattered or as if they are jumping from one thing to the next, but they are multi-taskers at their best. There can, however, be a problem with finishing what they started because the interest has faded and something new or more creative has come along. They may need reminders to finish a project or get back to an assignment at times.

 Remember, these are intuitive types, so they move by their own intuition and tend to trust it too. If they feel that step-by-step procedure isn’t the right course they will follow their own course to find a solution. They may work in an indirect manner and may not be able to explain their solution but they will find it. Their intuition works in many aspects of their lives and they can interpret a situation relatively well to find meaning or answers.

 The Self-Expressive learners are highly adaptable and don’t mind change. They are flexible and like to use many resources and a variety of materials as they work.

 Here is the next list I took from the book So Each May Learn. I mentioned this in the first post on this subject. I highly recommend it as it has great charts, visuals, and ways to integrate all of this into your classroom.

 Intuitive-Feeling or Self-Expressive Learners

Prefers to learn by:

  • Being creative and using his/her imagination
  • Planning and organizing his/her work in his/her own creative ways
  • Working on a number of things at a time
  • Searching for alternative solutions to problems beyond those normally considered
  • Discussing real problems and looking at real solutions

Learns best from:

  • Creative and artistic activities
  • Open-ended discussions of personal and social values
  • Activities that enlighten and enhance – myths, human achievement, dramas, etc.


  • Contemplation
  • Being able to learn through discovery
  • Opportunity to plan and pursue his/her own interests
  • Recognition for personal insight and discoveries


  • Too much attention to detail
  • Facts, memorization, rote learning
  • Tasks with predetermined correct answers
  • Detailed and demanding routines

There is one style left to cover in this series.



Learning Styles-Carl Jung/Myers-Briggs Theory Pt. 5

An intelligent heart acquires knowledge, and the ear of the wise seeks knowledge. Proverbs 18:15 ESV

It has been sometime since I have posted and I apologize. I will be finishing up this series within these next few weeks. Here is the next style of learning for you.

The Understanding Style of learning is the Intuitive-Thinking types and they are theoretical, intellectual and knowledge oriented learners. They like to be challenged and think things through. These are the ones who will work through a puzzle; they like the complexity of problems and are inquisitive about concepts. They break problems down into their independent parts looking for logical connections as they reason things out.

 They are well-organized with their planning, time and ideas. These are the students who will make lists, story outlines and the like. They like to have all of the necessary resources out and ready before they get to work. They look for significance, applicability, and meaning; they often ask the question “Why?” as they process information. Understanding learners will use a lot of detail to express their ideas. These are the students that give you great detail and reasoning in their writing. It needs to make perfect sense to them and they want that conveyed to the reader as well.

 The written word is practically their best friend! They love to read, learn, and collect data of all kinds to support their ideas. They enjoy playing “devil’s advocate” and take an opposing view just to bring about debate or to make a point. They are in search of objective truth more than fact. They look for logic and support in these truths.

 They can get lost in time if something is of high interest to them. Understanding learners don’t like to be pressed for time and have a great deal of patience and persistence when completing tasks that they enjoy.

Here is another great list I took from the book So Each May Learn. I mentioned this in the first post on this subject. I highly recommend it as it has great charts, visuals, and ways to integrate all of this into your classroom.

Intuitive-Thinking or Understanding Learners

Prefers to learn by:

  • Studying about ideas and how things are related
  • Planning and carrying out a project of his/her own making and interest
  • Arguing or debating a point based on logical analysis
  • Problem solving that requires collecting, organizing, and evaluating data

Learns best from:

  • Lectures
  • Reading
  • Logical discussions and debates
  • Projects of personal interest


  • Time to plan and organize his/her work
  • Working independently or with other Intuitive-Thinking types
  • Working with ideas and things that challenge him/her to think, to explore, to master


  • Routine and rote assignments
  • Memorization
  • Concern for details
  • Rigid rules and predetermined procedures

Blessings to you,



Learning Styles-Carl Jung/Myers-Briggs Theory Pt. 4

Let the wise hear and increase in learning, and the one who understands obtain guidance, Prov. 1:5 ESV

So let’s dig into the Mastery style of learning. Remember, these are the Sensing-Thinking learners; realistic, matter-of-fact, and practical. These students will complete their work in an organized and efficient manner. They have materials in place and are ready to get to work. You will probably see organization in their desk even if it isn’t always tidy!

They focus on the “things”; they like hands-on learning, and are project oriented. They don’t like to plan and bounce ideas around as much as they like to get straight to the task-at-hand. So you may not see outlines and story boards and idea clouds; they know the plan in their head and don’t want to waste their time planning it on paper.

They enjoy working and will always want to be busy, but may want to get out of their seats to do so. Movement is the key, even if it is seat work; so reading, writing, math; keep their hands busy and they will produce results. They are results driven and will want to please, they may check-in to see if they are on track just for some movement, but also for feedback, that’s what drives them!

They are the learners that ask “What?” and “How?” They prefer step by step instruction, but if it is too long they lose interest. They want the directions precise and to the point. They like structure and want to master the task. They like right or wrong answers rather than vague interpretations. They are motivated by competition even if the prize is a good grade!

Here is a great list I took from the book So Each May Learn. I mentioned this in the first post on this subject. I highly recommend it as it has great charts, visuals, and ways to integrate all of this into your classroom.

Sensing-Thinking or Mastery Learners

Prefers to learn by:

  • ·         Seeing tangible results
  • ·         Practicing what he/she has learned
  • ·         Following directions one step at a time
  • ·         Being active rather than passive
  • ·         Knowing exactly what is expected of him/her, how well the task must be done and why

Learns best by:

  • ·         Drill
  • ·         Demonstration
  • ·         Practice
  • ·         Hands-on experience


  • ·         Doing things that have immediate, practical use
  • ·         Being acknowledged for thoroughness and detail
  • ·         Praise for prompt and complete work
  • ·         Immediate feedback (rewards, privileges, etc.) 


  • ·         Completing tasks in which there is no practical uses
  • ·         Activities with complex directions
  • ·         Open-ended activities without closure or pay-off
  • ·         Activities that focus on feelings or intangible results

Learning Styles-Carl Jung/Myers-Briggs Theory Pt. 1

Proverbs 1:8-9 ESV

Hear, my son, your father’s instruction, and forsake not your mother’s teaching, for they are a graceful garland for your head and pendants for your neck.

So back again with teaching and learning, styles and strategies; this section will focus on the theory based on Carl Jung’s model. This model is a teaching/learning style. It is important to know a student’s style of learning so you can help guide them in the direction of reaching the objective goals. Meyers-Brigg developed the application of Jung’s model. It uses our personalities to help find our learning styles. It works in a way that shows our preferences and repeated behaviors; it’s who we are as much as how we learn. Harvey Silver and Richard Strong along with other highly respected researchers work to successfully apply it to education. They focused on the process of learning; with the focus on the “how” rather than the “what” of learning styles.

As a side note: There is no right or wrong strategy; it is a matter of matching the correct one with the learner to create a climate most conducive to learning the objectives. To clarify a bit more, a strategy is a tool used to learn/teach an objective; where a style is the manner or behavior in which the objective is learned/taught. I can teach many strategies on how to solve a math problem, but my style will remain relatively the same, when speaking of the Jung theory. However, the strategies I offer accommodate the styles that my students may possess, different from my own, which allow me to facilitate my students in reaching the objective goals.

The four functions provide a framework for analyzing and categorizing teaching and learning behaviors. This categorization places a learner’s dominant behaviors in one or four distinct groupings. The groups include sensing, feeling, thinking, and intuition. Sensing and intuition are two ways of perceiving the world through the senses or intuition and thinking and feeling are ways of judging one’s perceptions.

“The sensing orientation (function) focuses on things as they appear. Sensors assume that what their senses tell them is what exists.”1It operates in the present and deals with shapes, color, texture and the arrangement of objects. Sensors use the five senses to gather information. They have a realistic outlook on life and work toward definite goals. When things are unclear or details are complicated they become frustrated.

“The intuitive orientation (function) focuses on the inner meaning and relationships of what is occurring.”1 It operates in the near and distant future and deals in seeing possibilities and interpreting what might be. Intuitors use inspiration and insight to find meaning behind facts and details. They like flexibility and freedom to explore possibilities and ideas. The trust their insights and are inspired by new opportunities.

Next blog post will cover the judgment of perceptions, thinking and feeling. Until then, try this self-assessment for perception on the spectrum on sensing/intuition from So Each May Learn Integrating Learning Styles and Multiple Intelligences by Harvey Silver, Richard Strong, and Matthew Perini. so each may learn

Take a moment to reflect on your own perception preferences. Are you more focused on the facts and details of sensing or the big picture and patterns of intuition? Are you somewhere in-between or do you fall closer to one side than the other? Sensing_________________Intuition

If you need more questions to help you figure out where you are in the perception preferences try this site

This is a great site to check out for charts between sensors and intuitors.

Sensing Intuition


1(Teaching Styles and Strategies by Silver, Hanson, Strong, Schwartz 1996).

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